Home / Technology / Bill Gates reveals the 10 advanced technologies that will change the world in 2019

Bill Gates reveals the 10 advanced technologies that will change the world in 2019




<div _ngcontent-c14 = "" innerhtml = "

For the first time in 18 years, the list of remarkable innovations from MIT Tech Review magazine for 2019 was chosen by an editor-in-chief, the founder of Microsoft and former CEO Bill Gates.

Gates correctly predicted the rise of the home computer, the graphical operating system and the Internet. So it seems a natural choice for the first guest editor of this publication.

Bill Gates reveals the 10 advanced technologies that will change the world in 2019Adobe Stock

Review of MIT technology creates the list each year, highlighting areas in which technological developments will have the greatest impact on human life in the coming year.

The trend to use a guest editor is another paradigm shift in this year's list – rather than focusing on technologies that can prolong human life; a greater emphasis is placed on those who could also improve it.

Many of the advances in the list are aimed at solving problems in two areas that are particularly relevant to improving the human quality (and duration) of life – health care and the environment. And as we could expect, artificial intelligence (AI) has a role to play in the majority of them.

One of the highlights for me was the inclusion of "robot dexterity." Those who have followed the rise of robotics and automation often point out that, while being able to operate in carefully controlled environments, today's robots often struggle to cope with the problem. unexpected or unknown.

The field of robot dexterity revolves around the construction of mechanical devices – for example, robotic hands – that can use artificial intelligence to become familiar with unknown devices and environments when they meet and adapt to them to better explore and manipulate them.

The "hamburger without cow" is another interesting addition to the list. It shows how high-tech solutions and low-tech solutions can help solve the same problems – in this case, the huge amounts of carbon emitted by the meat industry and their contribution to climate change.

This category explicitly includes herbal meat substitutes and artificial crop products. "cultured meat," which has been the subject of many scientific experiments over the previous decade.

The first artificially grown meat hamburger was created in a laboratory by Mark Post at the University of Maastricht in 2013 at a cost of 300 000 USD. In 2017, the cost of producing the same amount of artificial meat was reduced to just over $ 11. Of course, it remains to be seen whether people will feel comfortable eating meat produced in vitro. But with a growing awareness of the need to feed a world population growing steadily while reducing the amount of carbon released into the air by the industry of farming and cutting of meat , Gates is clearly convinced that this technology can potentially change the world.

In terms of carbon emissions, carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology also earns a place on the list of breakthroughs in 2019. Again, this idea is not new, but thanks to the Ongoing research and development, it is starting to be available at a price that makes it a viable proposition for the industry. The principle here is that carbon released in large quantities (eg by fossil fuel power plants) can be trapped before it enters the atmosphere and contributes to man-made climate change. . It can then be safely deposited on underground storage sites. Some experts believe that this technology could potentially reduce CO2 emissions from power plants up to 90%.

As with most of the technologies put forward by Gates, AI plays a key role in this sector, where algorithms could be formed to predict the most efficient placement of carbon capture machines, as well as to understand and monitor the behavior of Gates. materials once they have been deposited. .

With regard to health care, Gates highlights four particular applications that have proven their potential to improve patient outcomes and quality of life, and whose effectiveness will likely increase over time.

These are electrocardiogram (ECG) wrist monitors, which, if ingested, allow the visualization of the inside of the human digestive system, personalized cancer vaccines, created using DNA personalized and immune system, as well as a new blood test indicating the likelihood of a premature birth in pregnant women.

Gideon Lichfield, Editor-in-Chief, said, "Bill's list reflects his belief that we are approaching a turning point in the technological development of humanity – technologies that extend life for the most part to those that improve it.

"Her choices highlight some of the most important challenges and opportunities of our time.

the Review of MIT technology A groundbreaking list has been published every year since 2001, highlighting ideas and technologies that are now commonplace, including cloud computing, instant messaging and autonomous vehicles.

Here is the complete selection for 2019, chosen by Gates – a full exploration of each idea will be published in the March / April issue of MIT Technology Review, published March 5.

  1. Robot Dexterity – robot hands that can learn to manipulate unknown objects themselves.
  2. New wave nuclear power – design of fission and fusion reactors that can help reduce carbon emissions.
  3. Predict the premature – a simple blood test to prevent premature birth, potentially saving the lives of many children.
  4. Intestinal Probe in a pill – a swallowable device that can image the digestive tract and even perform biopsies.
  5. Personalized anti-cancer vaccines: treatment using the body's immune system to target only tumor cells.
  6. The hamburger without cow – herbal meat substitutes and labs that can significantly reduce emissions from the food industry.
  7. Carbon dioxide sensor: techniques to absorb CO2 in the air and retain it, which can ultimately become economical.
  8. An ECG on the wrist: the possibility for people with heart problems to constantly monitor their state of health and to receive early alerts in case of problems.
  9. Sewerless sanitation – an autonomous toilet that could fight against diseases and unpleasant living conditions in most developing countries.
  10. AI assistants who speak well – new advances in natural language processing that make digital assistants capable of greater autonomy.

">

For the first time in 18 years, the list of remarkable innovations from MIT Tech Review magazine for 2019 was chosen by an editor-in-chief, the founder of Microsoft and former CEO Bill Gates.

Gates correctly predicted the rise of the home computer, the graphical operating system and the Internet. So it seems a natural choice for the first guest editor of this publication.

Bill Gates reveals the 10 advanced technologies that will change the world in 2019Adobe Stock

Review of MIT technology creates the list each year, highlighting areas in which technological developments will have the greatest impact on human life in the coming year.

The trend to use a guest editor is another paradigm shift in this year's list – rather than focusing on technologies that can prolong human life; a greater emphasis is placed on those who could also improve it.

Many of the advances in the list are aimed at solving problems in two areas that are particularly relevant to improving the human quality (and duration) of life – health care and the environment. And as we could expect, artificial intelligence (AI) has a role to play in the majority of them.

One of the highlights for me was the inclusion of "robot dexterity". Those who have followed the rise of robotics and automation often point out that, while being able to operate in carefully controlled environments, today's robots often struggle to cope with the problem. unexpected or unknown.

The field of robot dexterity revolves around the construction of mechanical devices – for example, robotic hands – that can use artificial intelligence to become familiar with unknown devices and environments when they meet and adapt to them to better explore and manipulate them.

The "hamburger without cow" is another interesting addition to the list. It shows how high-tech solutions and low-tech solutions can help solve the same problems – in this case, the huge amounts of carbon emitted by the meat industry and their contribution to climate change.

This category explicitly includes both plant-based meat substitutes and artificial "artificial meats", which have been the subject of numerous scientific experiments over the past decade.

The first artificially grown meat hamburger was created in a laboratory by Mark Post at the University of Maastricht in 2013 at a cost of 300 000 USD. In 2017, the cost of producing the same amount of artificial meat was reduced to just over $ 11. Of course, it remains to be seen whether people will feel comfortable eating meat produced in vitro. But with a growing awareness of the need to feed a world population growing steadily while reducing the amount of carbon released into the air by the industry of farming and cutting of meat , Gates is clearly convinced that this technology can potentially change the world.

In terms of carbon emissions, carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology also earns a place on the list of breakthroughs in 2019. Again, this idea is not new, but thanks to the Ongoing research and development, it is starting to be available at a price that makes it a viable proposition for the industry. The principle here is that carbon released in large quantities (eg by fossil fuel power plants) can be trapped before it enters the atmosphere and contributes to man-made climate change. . It can then be safely deposited on underground storage sites. Some experts believe that this technology could potentially reduce CO2 emissions from power plants up to 90%.

As with most of the technologies put forward by Gates, AI plays a key role in this sector, where algorithms could be formed to predict the most efficient placement of carbon capture machines, as well as to understand and monitor the behavior of Gates. materials once they have been deposited. .

With regard to health care, Gates highlights four particular applications that have proven their potential to improve patient outcomes and quality of life, and whose effectiveness will likely increase over time.

These are electrocardiogram (ECG) wrist monitors, which, if ingested, allow the visualization of the inside of the human digestive system, personalized cancer vaccines, created using DNA personalized and immune system, as well as premature birth in pregnant women.

Gideon Lichfield, Editor-in-Chief, said, "Bill's list reflects his belief that we are approaching a turning point in the technological development of humanity – technologies that extend life for the most part to those that improve it.

"Her choices highlight some of the most important challenges and opportunities of our time.

the Review of MIT technology A groundbreaking list has been published every year since 2001, highlighting ideas and technologies that are now commonplace, including cloud computing, instant messaging and autonomous vehicles.

Here is the complete selection for 2019, chosen by Gates – a full exploration of each idea will be published in the March / April issue of MIT Technology Review, published March 5.

  1. Robot Dexterity – robot hands that can learn to manipulate unknown objects themselves.
  2. New wave nuclear power – design of fission and fusion reactors that can help reduce carbon emissions.
  3. Predict the premature – a simple blood test to prevent premature birth, potentially saving the lives of many children.
  4. Intestinal Probe in a pill – a swallowable device that can image the digestive tract and even perform biopsies.
  5. Personalized anti-cancer vaccines: treatment using the body's immune system to target only tumor cells.
  6. The hamburger without cow – herbal meat substitutes and labs that can significantly reduce emissions from the food industry.
  7. Carbon dioxide sensor: techniques to absorb CO2 in the air and retain it, which can ultimately become economical.
  8. An ECG on the wrist: the possibility for people with heart problems to constantly monitor their state of health and to receive early alerts in case of problems.
  9. Sewerless sanitation – an autonomous toilet that could fight against diseases and unpleasant living conditions in most developing countries.
  10. AI assistants who speak well – new advances in natural language processing that make digital assistants capable of greater autonomy.

Source link