The landing site on the Moon of the Chang-e-4 space shuttle was officially named "Tianhe Statio". or the base of the Milky Way, at a conference in Beijing today.
The name, as well as other names for three craters and a nearby peak, have been approved by the National Space Administration of China, the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the International Astronomical Union .
Naming landing points on planets is a common practice, conducted by the United States and the former Soviet Union in their lunar explorations.
Chinese names refer to ancient folklore, with the term Tianhe referring to the Milky Way, its literal translation being "sky-river" in Mandarin.
The Latin 'Statio & # 39; which means base, is also part of the name of the landing site.
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The landing site on the moon of the space shuttle Chang & # 39; e-4 was officially christened 'Statio Tianhe & # 39; or the base of the Milky Way, at a conference in Beijing today.
Three craters near the landing site were also named Zhinu (weaver girl), Hegu (river drum) and Tianjin, after three constellations of ancient Chinese astrology.
The names all refer to an old folk tale about the "weaver's daughter" and her banished lover, a "boy-cowherd".
They are separated by the Milky Way and can meet only once a year on a bridge formed by magpies, known as Queqiao, name given to China's relay satellite on the dark side of the moon.
On this special day, Qixi falls each year on the 7th day of the 7th month of the lunar calendar, often called "Chinese Valentine's Day".
The names, which have also been attributed to three craters and a nearby peak, have been approved by the National China Space Administration, the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the International Union of Science and Technology. ;astronomy. & # 39; Hegu & # 39; (picture) which means River Drum
Naming landing points on the planets is a common practice, preceded by the United States and the former Soviet Union in their lunar explorations. Tianjin (photo)
Chinese names refer to ancient folklore, with the term Tianhe referring to the Milky Way, its literal translation being "sky-river" in Mandarin. Taishan or Mount Tai (photo) is the peak found near the landing site and the name of a famous Chinese mountain.
A CHRONOLOGY OF CHINA'S ACCESS TO THE SIDE OF THE MOON
Chang-e-4 was launched December 7 from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center in Sichuan, southwest China
October 24, 2007 – China launches Chang – e – 1, an unmanned satellite, in the space where it remains operational for more than a year.
October 1, 2010 – China launches Chang & # 39; e-2. It was part of the first phase of the Chinese moon program. It was on a 100 km lunar orbit to collect data for the next Chang-e-3 mission.
September 29, 2011 – China launches Tiangong 1.
September 15, 2013 – A second space laboratory, Tiangong 2, is launched.
December 1, 2013 – Launch of Chang & # 39; e-3.
December 14, 2013 – Chang's e-3, a 1,600-kilogram (2,600-lb) lunar probe successfully lands on the near side of the moon. He became the first object to land on the Moon since Luna 24 in 1976.
April 1, 2018 – Tiangong-1 crashes on Earth at 17,000 km / h and lands in the ocean off Tahiti.
May 20, 2018 – China launches a relay satellite called Queqiao, which is placed in operational orbit about 40,000 miles beyond the moon. This is designed to allow Chang & e-4 to communicate with engineers on Earth.
The lunar rover Chang & # 39; e-4 is projected into the space of the Xichang Launch Center in Sichuan Province, southwest China, Dec. 7
December 7, 2018 – The Chinese Space Agency announces the launch of the Chang-e-4 probe.
December 12, 2018 – Retroreflectors on the probe are triggered to stabilize the spacecraft and slow it down.
December 31, 2018 – The probe prepares for the first soft landing on the other side of the moon.
January 4, 2019 – He lands the LG Chang-e-4 on the dark side of the moon
Scheduled for 2020 – Tiangong 3, a follow-up mission to Tiangong-2
Before 2033 – China plans to launch its first exploration program on Mars.
2040 – 2060 – The Asian superpower plans a crewed mission to Mars.
China has successfully completed a world premiere with its journey across the Moon after landing in Von Kármán Crater on January 4, 2019.
The country claimed to want to be the first country to establish a base on the moon and announced its construction using 3D printing technology.
Officials from the Chinese Space Agency also announced that the country would return to the Moon by the end of the year with the Chang-e-5 mission.
Three successive missions will further explore the sterile surface and viability of home building.
As a result of the 20th century race between the United States and the USSR, many landings took place on the moon, including the famous Apollo 11 mission that saw Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin become the first humans on the moon. Following the landing of Luna 24 on August 18, the next lunar landing was the Chinese Chang-e-3 mission on December 14, 2013. Chang-e-4 is the first spacecraft to land the aircraft. 39, other side of the moon.
The mission rover is equipped with numerous scientific instruments to analyze the moon's surface, including a panoramic and infrared camera, a ground-penetrating radar and a low frequency radio spectrometer.
China is rapidly gaining a reputation as a forerunner in the revival of the space race through its continued investments in the Martian and Moon missions.
After returning the lunar stones from the surface by Chang-e-5, during the next mission, Chang-e-6 will be the first mission to explore the south pole of the moon.
Chang-e-7 will study the Earth's surface, composition and the space environment as part of a global mission, while Chang'-8 will focus on analyzing the technical surface.
Mission number eight will probably lay the foundation for a possible lunar base as she strives to verify the technology reserved for this ambitious project.
The National Space Administration of China (CNSA) has also announced its intention to go to Mars in 2020, a schedule that would probably make it the first country to do so, beating the United States, Russia and the plethora of companies private individuals seeking to colonize space.
WHAT IS THE FUTURE OF THE CHINESE SPACE EXPLORATION?
Officials from the Chinese Space Agency announced that the country would return to the Moon by the end of 2019 with the Chang-e-5 mission.
This will collect rocks near the moon and send them back to Earth for further study.
Chang'E-6 will be the first mission to explore the south pole of the moon.
Chang 'e-7 will study the Earth's surface, composition, space environment as part of a global mission, while Chang' e-8 will focus on the analysis of technical surface.
China would also work on building a lunar base using 3D printing technology.
Mission number eight will probably lay the groundwork for this goal as it strives to test the technology for the project and if it is viable as a science base.
The Chinese Space Agency, the CNSA, has also announced its intention to travel in March to March.