Parts of the body – such as the face, ovaries and testicles – should be excluded from the new presumed consent donation system that will come into force in England next year, according to proposals.
Starting in 2020, adults will be considered to be in favor of donation after death, unless they have withdrawn.
A new consultation document lists the organs and tissues that can be collected with this system.
Citizens have until July 22 to give their opinion on the proposals.
Organs and tissues that can be removed without additional consent under the new system include: • heart (whole organ or for heart valves) • lungs • liver • kidneys • pancreas • eye • nerve tissue • arteries / veins / blood vessels • bone • muscle • tendon • tendon • skin • fascia (tissue covering the abdominal muscles)
People requiring explicit authorization include: • the brain • the spinal cord • the face • the nose • the mouth • the trachea (trachea) • the arm • the arm • the forearm • the hand • the finger • the leg • the leg • the foot • the toe • penis • testicle • fetus • placenta • umbilical cord • embryo (inside the body) • eye cells that will be used for the manufacture of drugs • liver cells that will be used for the manufacture of drugs • pancreas cells that will be used to manufacture drugs of the products
How does optout work?
Currently, in England, there is a system of voluntary participation. The alleged consent has been in effect in Wales since December 2015.
When the new system is set up in England, the family of the deceased will always be consulted first and can always provide information on the wishes of his relative. If they have information that their loved one would not have donated their organs or tissues, the donation of organs will not take place.
You can save your choices on the NHS Donor Registry.
Starting in the spring of 2020, presumed consent will occur unless:
- a person said that she did not want to give her organs "withdrawing" from the system
- they appointed a representative to decide after their death
- they belong to one of the excluded groups – under 18, usually residing in England less than 12 months before their death or deprived of mental capacity for a significant period before their death
If you do not withdraw, it does not mean that your tissues and organs will be automatically used. Organ donation can only occur in a small number of cases – when there is a good match between the donor and the recipient.
You should not withdraw if you agree to donate some of your organs or tissues. If you unsubscribe, you register your refusal to donate your organs or tissues, and exclude yourself completely from the donation.
Every day, across the UK, three people who could have benefited from a transplant die for lack of sufficient donors, while 6,000 are still waiting, says the NHS Blood and Transplant.
A spokeswoman for the Ministry of Health and Social Affairs said: "Our priority is to improve the number of lifesaving organ transplants – and we hope that Max and Keira's law, which will come into force next year, will live every year.
"As indicated in our consultation, we propose that the system of rare or experimental transplants – which requires the express consent of parents – remains the same in the new legislation".