IIt's no secret that sweet sodas and artificial sodas are linked to diabetes and obesity, but a new study released on Monday suggests finally closing the coffin with soda, showing that drinking sweet sodas can shorten your life.
In a study published in the journal of the American Heart Association circulation, Harvard public health researchers demonstrate that people who drink at least two sugary drinks a day (soft drinks, sports drinks and fruit drinks sweetened with sugar, high-fructose corn syrup or fruit concentrates ) are significantly more likely to die early compared to people who drank less than one a month.
The document uses data on more than 100,000 men and women over approximately 30 years to show that men who drink at least two soft drinks a day have a 29% higher risk of death compared to people who drink less than one soda a month. Women who drank at least two sodas a day had a 63 percent higher risk of death. For women who drink at least two sodas a day, the risk of death from breast cancer was 34% higher. Overall, men and women who drank at least two sodas a day were 31% more likely to die from cardiovascular disease and 18% more likely to die from cancer.
Drink more than one soda per month, but less than two sodas a day was healthier, even though it was still risky. The researchers behind the new study found that the risk increased with the increase in the amount of sweet sodas – an effect they describe as "a gradual association with the dose". Together, these results illustrate that less soda is always a good choice, the healthiest choice is not to consume the 77 grams of sugar contained in a mountain dew of 20 ounces.
"[Sugar-sweetened beverages] are the largest source of added sugar in the American diet, "they write. "Positive associations between BSN consumption and weight gain, the risk of diabetes mellitus and [coronary heart disease] have been of great scientific interest, but little is known about the impact of consumption of these beverages on mortality risk. However, this can be expected given their associations with the above conditions. "
In addition to the health risks associated with sugary sodas, the researchers also found that women who drank more artificially sweetened drinks (ie diet sodas) were even more likely to die as a result. 39, cardiovascular disease. They suspect that this relationship is a reflection of people who may already have health problems related to excessive sugar consumption and who have switched to diet soda.
This research comes at a time when the consumption of traditional sweet sodas is already down. While drinking soda may be the way Americans get most of their added sugar, it seems Americans are already waking up. In a 2017 article inObesity, researchers found that SSB consumption among adults and children in the United States had decreased between 2003 and 2014.
Taking their place, sales of unsweetened drinks are on the rise. A 2016 report on the beverage sector showed that sales of seltz increased by 42% in five years, as suggested by anecdotal reports. Walk down the food aisles of a grocery store and, next to all the sugary sodas, you'll see a growing variety of sparkling waters that simply did not exist a few years ago.
Of course, replacing soda with Seltz is not just a matter of wise choice. Research has shown how much sugar is addictive. Therefore, for many consumers, it is not enough to choose to drop the soda. But maybe this research will help to get people to drink a glass of water instead – and maybe sparkling water for fun.
CONTEXT: Whether the consumption of sweetened beverages (SSB) or artificially sweetened beverages (ASB) is associated with a risk of mortality is of public health interest.
METHODS: We examined the associations between SSB and ABS use and the risk of total and cause-specific mortality among 37,716 men in the health professional's follow-up study (from 1986 to 2014) and 80,647 women in the study. Nurses & Health Study (1980-2014) who were free from chronic diseases at baseline. Cox proportional hazard regression was used to estimate hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals.
RESULTS: We documented 36,436 deaths (7896 cardiovascular diseases [CVD] and 12,380 cancer deaths) in 3,415,564 person-years of follow-up. After adjustment for major dietary and lifestyle factors, SSB consumption was associated with a higher risk of total mortality; the pooled risk ratios (95% confidence intervals) for all categories (<1 / month, 1-4 / month, 2-6 / week, 1- <2 / d and ≥2 / d) were 1 , 00 (reference), 1.01 (0.98, 1.04), 1.06 (1.03, 1.09), 1.14 (1.09, 1.19) and 1.21 (1). , 13, 1.28, P trend <0.0001). The association was observed for CVD mortality (the risk ratio comparing the extreme categories was 1.31 [95% confidence interval, 1.15, 1.50], Trend <P 0.0001) and cancer mortality (1.16 [1.04, 1.29], Trend P = 0.0004). NAPs were associated with total mortality and CVD mortality in the highest intake category only; the pooled risk ratios (95% confidence interval) for the categories were 1.00 (baseline), 0.96 (0.93, 0.99), 0.97 (0.95, 1.00) , 0.98 (0.94, 1.03) and 1.04 (1.02, 1.12, P = 0.01) for total mortality and 1.00 (reference), 0.93 (0). , 87, 1.00), 0.95 (0.89, 1.00), 1.02 (0.94, 1.12) and 1.13 (1.02, 1.25, trend trend = 0 , 02) for CVD mortality. In the cohort analysis, SEBs were associated with mortality in the NHS study (nurses 'health study) but not in the HPFS study (health professionals' follow-up study) (interaction P, 0). , 01). NAPs were associated with no cancer mortality in both cohorts.
CONCLUSIONS: SSB consumption was positively associated with mortality, mainly through CVD mortality, and showed a gradual association with dose. The positive association between high levels of SBA absorption and total mortality and CVD observed in women has yet to be confirmed.