Scientists from the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) are working on the vehicle orator "Chandrayaan-2", the first Indian mission landing on a moon and rovers planned and developed by ISRO, in Bangalore on June 12, 2019. – A Chandrayaan-2 lander named "Vikram" (valiant), after the pioneer of the Indian space program Vikram Sarabhai, and the robot robot that explores the lunar surface named & # 39; Pragyan & # 39 ;, (wisdom) will be launched on the Moon by a Geosynchronous Satellite Satellite (GSLV) launcher Mark III within the following months. (Photo by MANJUNATH KIRAN / AFP) (Photo credit should read MANJUNATH KIRAN / AFP / Getty Images)
MANJUNATH KIRAN | AFP | Getty Images
India is looking to take a giant step forward in its space program and consolidate its place among the world's space nations with its second unmanned mission on the moon, which aimed to land a rover near the unexplored South Pole.
India's space research organization plans to launch a spacecraft using local technology on Monday, which is expected to land on the moon on Sept. 6-7. The $ 141 million Chandrayaan-2 mission will analyze minerals, map the surface of the moon, and search for water.
She "will go bravely where no country has ever gone," said ISRO in a statement.
As India is on the verge of becoming the fifth largest economy in the world, Prime Minister Narendra Modi's fiery nationalist government is keen to show the country's prowess in security and technology.
India successfully tested an anti-satellite weapon in March, which, according to Modi, demonstrated the country's capacity as a space power alongside the United States, Russia and China. India is also planning to send human beings into space by 2022, becoming the fourth country to do so.
The ambitions of the country materialize in a race for the rebirth of space.
The United States, celebrating this month the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 mission that made Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin the first humans on the moon, are striving to send an inhabited spacecraft to the South Pole. the Moon by 2024. In April, an Israeli missile crashed on the moon after an unsuccessful attempt at the first privately funded lunar landing.
Decades of space research has enabled India to develop satellite, communications and remote sensing technologies to solve everyday problems at home, from forecasting fish migration to predicting storms and storms. flooding.
The first Indian lunar mission, Chandrayaan-1, whose name is "Sanskrit" for "moon craft", orbited around the moon in 2008 and confirmed the presence of water. In 2013-2014, India put a satellite into orbit around Mars as part of its first interplanetary mission.
Some wondered about spending in a country of 1.3 billion inhabitants, characterized by widespread poverty and one of the highest child mortality rates in the world. The author and economic commentator, Gurcharan Das, said that the cost of the second lunar campaign is low compared to India's overall budget and that the project could have a multiplier effect on the economy. .
He called on India to further involve the country's private sector in research and development, which he said could generate "huge benefits" beyond the field of travel in the country. ;space.