International Childhood Cancer Day: What are the 5 most common pediatric cancers? Their signs and symptoms

International Childhood Cancer Day: What are the 5 most common pediatric cancers - their signs and symptoms

International Childhood Cancer Day: What are the 5 Most Common Pediatric Cancers – Their Signs & Symptoms | & nbspPhoto Credit: & nbspThinkstock

New Delhi: Every year, 15th February is celebrated as the International Childhood Cancer Day since 2002, when it was founded by Childhood Cancer International. This is an excellent initiative that educates children about cancer.

If cancer is detected at an early stage, it can be easy to heal and treat the patient. As parents, especially for the first time, it's important to know the signs and symptoms of cancer in children to keep your child safe. Childhood cancers are those that affect children from birth to age 15 and are also referred to as pediatric cancers. They differentiate themselves from adult cancers by the way they develop and spread in the body. Here are the five most common types of cancer in children and their symptoms that need to be monitored. READ – Ultra-processed foods linked to premature death: These foods can increase your risk of cancer, diabetes, obesity

Brain tumors

Brain and other tumors of the nervous system account for about 27% of pediatric cancer cases reported worldwide. Although the tumors are different in children and adults, its symptoms remain similar. They include headaches, dizziness, vision problems, smell, hearing and vomiting.

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia, abbreviated ALL, is the most common type of cancer in children. Leukemia starts from the bone marrow and spreads to the blood and other organs of the body. Symptoms of cancer include weight loss, joint pain, fatigue, weakness and bleeding.


Lymphoma is a type of cancer that starts in the lymphatic system of the body and affects lymph nodes such as tonsils. It can also spread to other parts of the body. Weight loss, fever, vertigo and weakness are some of the symptoms of lymphoma.

Wilms Tumor

The Wilms tumor begins in the kidney and is particularly common in very young children aged 3 to 4 years. The symptoms of the tumor include a lack of appetite, fever, pain and others.


Neuroblastoma comes from immature nerve cells in infants and young children. Symptoms of cancer include impaired ability to walk, high blood pressure, and more. It is common in children under five.

Disclaimer: The tips and suggestions mentioned in the article are intended solely for general information and should not be construed as professional medical advice. Always consult your doctor or health care professional if you have specific questions about medical issues.

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