The number of overdose deaths reached a new high in 2017, surpassing 70,000, while the suicide rate increased by 3.7%, according to the CDC's National Center for Health Statistics.
Dr. Robert Redfield, director of the CDC, described the trend as tragic and troubling. "Life expectancy gives us insight into the general health of the nation.These alarming statistics remind us that we are losing too many Americans, too early and too often, to the benefit of avoidable conditions," writes he in a statement.
The estimate of how long a person born in 2017 can expect to live in the United States is 78.6 years old, a decrease of 0.1 years from 2016, according to statisticians in the United States. government.
As usual, women will continue to survive men. In 2016 and 2017, the life expectancy of women was 81.1 years, while that of men increased from 76.2 years in 2016 to 76.1 years in 2017.
Most races and ethnic groups, including black men, Hispanic men and Hispanic women, have seen no significant change in their mortality rates from one year to the next.
However, black women experienced a death rate down 0.8% in 2017 compared to the previous year, which means that they lived a little longer, while this rate has increased by 0.6% for white men and by 0.9% for white women.
Finally, the top 10 causes of death in 2017, accounting for nearly three-quarters of all deaths nationwide, were heart disease, cancer, unintentional injuries, chronic lower respiratory diseases, and accidents. cerebrovascular, Alzheimer's disease, diabetes, influenza and pneumonia, kidney disease and suicide. This dark "top 10" remained unchanged from the previous year.
Death by drug overdose
Rates have been systematically and significantly higher in men than women over the years, from about 8 men who died from overdoses per 100,000 in 1999 to about 29 men per 100,000 in 2017. At women, this rate increased from about 4 overdose deaths per 100,000 in 1999 to about 14 per 100,000 in 2017.
The researchers found that age was a factor of influence in these deaths. Adults aged 25 to 54 years had the highest rates of drug overdose deaths in 2017. The 25- to 34-year-old group had about 38 overdose deaths per 100,000 population; years had 39 in 100,000 and 45 to 54 years. group had about 38 per 100,000.
Younger and older People who died by overdose less frequently, says the report. People aged 15 to 24 years had about 13 overdose deaths, those aged 55 to 64, 28, and those aged 65 and over, about 7 deaths.
Overall, the largest increase in the drug overdose mortality rate was observed among adults aged 55 to 64 for the period 1999 to 2017: about 4 deaths per 100,000 occurred in this group in 1999, compared to 28 per 100,000 in 2017.
The place also shows that the number of drug overdose deaths is significant, with some states registering higher numbers than others, the report says. In 2017, the rate of overdose deaths per 100,000 people in West Virginia was approximately 46 deaths for the 100,000 population in Ohio, 44 percent in Pennsylvania and 44 for the 100,000 in Pennsylvania. the District of Columbia. At the same time, Texas (approximately 10 overdose deaths per 100,000), North Dakota (approximately 9 per 100,000), South Dakota and Nebraska (both approximately 8 per 100,000) lowest rates in 2017.
The death rate from heroin overdose has remained constant, at around 5 deaths per 100,000 population in 2016 and 2017; however, it is seven times higher than in 1999. On the other hand, overdose deaths of fentanyl, fentanyl analogues and other synthetic opioids (other than methadone) increased by 45% between 2016 and 2017 from about 6 deaths per 100,000 to 9,100,000
Death by suicide
For men, the rate increased by 26% between 1999 and 2017, from about 18 suicides per 100,000 population to nearly 22 per 100,000.
For women, the rate increased 53% from 4 suicides per 100,000 in 1999 to nearly 6 per 100,000 in 2017. Women aged 45 to 64 recorded the highest rates in 1999 (6 suicides per 100,000) and in 2017 (almost 10 suicides). per 100,000).
Rates in rural counties in the United States are almost twice as high as in urban counties, according to government statisticians.
In 1999, the suicide rate in the most rural counties was about 13 per 100,000 population, compared with almost 10 per 100,000 in the most urban counties.
In 2017, the suicide rate in the most rural counties (20 per 100,000) was higher than that in the most urban counties (about 11 per 100,000). However, this urban suicide rate in 2017 is 16% higher than in 1999 (about 10 in 100,000), while the suicide rate in the most rural counties in 2017 is 53% higher than that in 1999 (about 13 out of 100,000), says the report.
"We must all work together to reverse this trend and help ensure that all Americans live longer and healthier," Redfield said in its statement, citing the decline in life expectancy. He added that the CDC "is committed to putting science to work to protect the health of the United States."