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Nasa InSight Mars Lander returns his "beautiful" selfie from the surface of the red planet



The new Mars Mars of NASA has returned the first stunning of the surface of the red planet, taken at the end of a terrifying journey.

In addition to showing the red and dusty ground that now houses the InSight lander, the photo marks a near-success of a trip that took seven months of the Earth, and culminated with a few hours of nervousness while InSight swept away the Martian atmosphere.

The photo, which shows the InSight spacecraft at the front and the Martian surface farther away, is an incredible look at a world that has killed most of the landers that have tried to get there.

It also shows that all the systems of the spaceship are working. The photo was taken after the solar panels folded back to allow the batteries to charge. It was then relayed by the Mars Odyssey orbiter who floats around the planet and sends messages to the Earth.

Tom Hoffman, InSight's project leader at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, said, "The InSight team can rest a little easier tonight now that we know the solar panels of the craft Space are deployed and recharge the batteries.

"The day was long for the team.

"But tomorrow begins an exciting new chapter for InSight: the surface operations and the beginning of the instrument deployment phase."

By using InSight's robotic arm, which is equipped with a camera, the mission team will be able to take more photos in the coming days, Nasa said.

This will help engineers to determine where to install the spacecraft 's scientific instruments, which will begin to send data back to Earth within two to three months.

The InSight lander landed on Mars shortly before 20h GMT on Monday, surviving the so-called "seven minutes of terror", a delicate landing phase for the robotic probe, traveling at 13,200 mph in the slender atmosphere of the planet that provides little friction to slow down.

This 8-year mission, valued at $ 814 million (633 million pounds), by the US Space Agency, aims to shed new light on the formation of the Red Planet and on its deep structure by mapping its core, crust and mantle.

InSight arrived in the Elysium Planitia area of ​​Mars, north of its equator, described as an ideal location for its flat surface and without rocks.

This is the first attempt to reach Mars over six years.

Only 40% of the missions on the planet were successful and all were led by the United States.

Three UK-made seismometer instruments are on board in InSight, as part of a British Space Agency effort to measure seismic waves, a value of £ 4 million.

Scientists from Imperial College London and the University of Oxford, who created the instruments, will be based at NASA's NASA reaction propulsion laboratory in California to participate in the event. 39 study, including selecting the best place for the robotic arm where to place the seismometer.

"This is great news that the InSight spacecraft has safely landed on Mars," said Sue Horne, space exploration chief at the British Space Agency.

"British scientists and engineers participating in this mission have dedicated many years of their life to building the seismometer, and the descent is still a worrying time.

"We can now look forward to the deployment of the instrument and the data that will arrive for next year, to improve our understanding of the formation of the planet.

A second instrument will dig five meters into Mars's soil, measuring the temperature of the planet, while a third experiment will determine how Mars is wobbling on its axis.

Additional report by the press association


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