NASA has announced its intention to land the first female on the moon in 2024. According to NASA, it's been 45 years since the US astronauts did not set foot on the moon, butaims to establish a sustainable human presence on the Moon by 2028 with the "first woman and the next man", saluting the lunar surface.
During the initial Apollo missions, many American astronauts marched on the moon, the latest to have occurred at the Apollo 17 in 1972. Sally Ride became the first American woman to enter space in 1983 as part of the STS-7 mission.
Artemis aims to chart a radically new path for the nation's space exploration. NASA's Artemis mission aims to "demonstrate new technological advances and lay the foundation for private companies to build a lunar economy." Named in honor of the twin sister of Apollo in Greek mythology, Artemis will ask the man to explore for the first time the surface of the South Pole of the Moon and to cast the bases of a human mission on Mars during this century.
To this end, the space agency is building the new Orion spacecraft as well as the highly advanced Space Launch System (SLS), which aim to propel heavier payloads from the Earth's surface and to send humans into space for longer durations than previously achieved. NASA will also build a small spacecraft, Gateway, which will gravitate around the moon and allow easier access to the Earth.
In a promotional video about upcoming projects, NASA scientists explain that millions of tons of water ice were discovered under the moon's surface in 2009. NASA thinks that this ice can be extracted by machines and converted into drinking water or oxygen for astronauts. it can be separated from hydrogen and used as rocket fuel at the lunar surface.
While politicians had previously asked US astronauts to return to the moon, NASA decided to create a new lunar presence with astronauts who gained strength under the Trump administration.President Trump has added $ 1.6 billion to NASA's $ 21 billion budget for 2020 to revive plans to send humans back to the moon.
"President Donald Trump has asked NASA to speed up its plans to return to the moon and land again on the surface of humans by 2024," Jim said in a statement. Bridenstine, director of NASA. "We will use new technologies and innovative systems to explore more places than we ever thought possible, this time when we go to the moon we will stay, and then we will use what we have learned about the Moon for the next giant jump – send astronauts to Mars ".