According to health officials, progress in HIV prevention in the United States has increased in recent years as the treatment of the virus does not reach those who need it most.
A report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released Wednesday said the decline in HIV cases, or human immunodeficiency virus, "has stopped," just weeks away. after President Trump promised to end the HIV epidemic in the United States by 2030.
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The agency, in a press release, said that as of 2013, "the number of HIV infections began to stabilize" at about 39,000 infections a year, after declining for several years. While the crisis of the AIDS epidemic has dramatically reduced the years of crisis, more than one million Americans are currently living with the disease.
The decline "has stabilized because the effective prevention and treatment of HIV does not sufficiently affect those who could benefit the most". People who do not have access to treatment and prevention include those in the southern United States, rural areas and "disproportionately affected populations such as African Americans and Latinos".
In his State of the Union address on February 5, Trump announced a campaign to end HIV in the country by 2030 – a plan encouraged by the CDC director , Robert Redfield.
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"The time has come for our nation to take bold action," said Redfield. "We must go beyond the status quo to end the HIV epidemic in America."
The plan for which Trump insisted includes four key ideas to end the epidemic, including HIV diagnosis, appropriate treatment, protection of people at risk, and rapid response to the virus.
According to federal health officials, more than half of all new HIV infections occur in 48 of the approximately 3,000 US counties in Washington, DC and San Juan, Puerto Rico, as well as seven states where they live. rural residents at risk.
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Officials calculated that as many as 130,000 new infections occurred each year in the mid-1980s, when the country's AIDS epidemic took off. The number dropped to around 50,000 in the mid-1990s.
The government hopes to reduce new infections by 90% over the next ten years.
Associated Press contributed to this report.