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The oldest human remains outside Africa found in Europe: researchers | News | DW

Researchers from the University of Tübingen and the University of Athens announced Wednesday that they have identified the most ancient modern human remains discovered outside of Africa.

Apidima 1 – a skull fragment of Homo sapiens discovered in a Greek cave in the 1970s – would be 210,000 years old. The research team used advanced computer modeling and dating of uranium to identify the age of the fragments.

Neanderthalian skull fragments – a distant cousin of Homo sapiens – were also found in the cave and called Apidima 2. However, it was discovered that he had 40 000 years younger than the fragment of Homo sapiens.

The skull fragment Apidima 2 and a computer model Apidima 2 (Katerina Harvati, University of Tübingen)

The reconstruction of Apidima 2, on the left, and the skull fragment, on the right, have typical Neanderthal features

"This shows that the early dispersal of Homo sapiens out of Africa is not only produced earlier, 200,000 years ago, but has also spread geographically up to ## 148 ## 39 in Europe, "said Katerina Harvati, paleoanthropologist at the University of Tübingen.

"It's something we had not suspected before and that has implications for the population movements of these old groups," she added.

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& # 39; Multiple dispersions & # 39; out of Africa

While some expressed skepticism about the data, including Warren Sharp at the Berkeley California Geochronology Center, others said it made sense to find past migration routes to the US. Africa.

"Rather than a single African homininos outing to populate Eurasia, there must have been several dispersions, some of which have not resulted in permanent occupations. said Eric Delson, an anthropologist at City University in New York.

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ls / sms (AFP, AP)

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