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The colonization of the moon is a proposal for the establishment of permanent human communities or robotic industries on the moon.
The discovery of lunar waters at the Moon Poles by Chandrayaan-1 has sparked renewed interest in the Moon. Polar colonies could also avoid the problem of long lunar nights – about 354 hours, a little over two weeks – and continually enjoy the sun, at least during the local summer (there is still no data for the winter).
The permanent human habitation on a planetary body other than the Earth is one of the most prevalent themes of science fiction. As technology has advanced and concerns about the future of humanity on Earth have increased, the argument that space colonization is a feasible and worthwhile goal has grown. Because of its proximity to the Earth, the Moon has been considered the most obvious natural expansion after the Earth. In the near future, there are also various projects of space tourism start-ups for tourism on the Moon.
The SpaceX lunar tourism mission is a planned private mission to fly two space tourists around the moon aboard SpaceX's Dragon 2 spacecraft. SpaceX is aiming for a launch towards the end of 2018, after testing and stealing the Dragon 2 as part of NASA's commercial crew program.[1] The Space X lunar tourism mission (an unofficial name) could fall around the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 8 flight, which flew astronauts around the moon for the first time, as part of the Apollo program. The announcement of this mission was made on February 27, 2017.

Nowadays, scientists are thinking about the colonization of the red planet Mars solar system. A human mission on Mars is the subject of science fiction, aerospace engineering and scientific proposals since the 19th century. The plans include proposals to land on Mars, eventually settling and terraforming the planet, while using his moons, Phobos and Deimos.
The exploration of Mars has been a goal of national space programs for decades. Preliminary work for missions involving human explorers has been undertaken since the 1950s, with planned missions generally defined as 10 to 30 years after they are written. The list of Mars mission plans inhabited in the 20th century shows the different mission proposals that have been presented by multiple organizations and space agencies in this area of ​​space exploration.
NASA goes to Mars with the aim of sending humans to the red planet in the 2030s. This journey is already well advanced. For decades, the agency and its partners have sent orbits, landers and rovers, greatly increasing our knowledge of the red planet and paving the way for future human explorers. The Curiosity rover has collected radiation data to help protect future astronauts, and the next Mars 2020 robot will study the availability of Martian resources, including oxygen. There is more to learn as we expand the presence of humanity in the solar system: Was Mars once home to microbial life or is it today? Can it be a safe home for humans? What can the red planet tell us about the past, the present, and the future of our own planet? Building on Robotics 'legacy, Mars' human exploration crosses three thresholds, each with increasing challenges as humans move away from Earth: Earth Reliant, the Proving Ground and Earth Independent.

It will not be easy to colonize another planet and send space shuttles into space that is by scientists is thinking about creating the permanent base on the Moon in the near future. The colonization of the moon will contribute to spatial colonization on another planet. The distance of the moon from the earth is 2,84,400 kilometers. .