Consuming a handful of nuts each day, such as almonds, nuts and pistachios, could reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease in people with type 2 diabetes, researchers said, including an Indian. According to the study published in the journal Circulation Research, type 2 diabetes is associated with an increased risk of high cholesterol, heart disease and stroke.
Nuts are full of unsaturated fatty acids, phytochemicals, fiber, vitamin E and folate, as well as minerals such as calcium, potassium and magnesium, researchers at the school said Harvard TH Chan Public Health in the United States. However, little is known about the benefits, if any, to the health benefits that nuts could provide to people with type 2 diabetes who are at increased risk of heart complications, they said. The researchers used self-reported diet questionnaires of 16,217 men and women before and after diagnosis of type 2 diabetes and asked them about their consumption of peanuts and nuts for several years.
During follow-up, there were 3,336 cases of cardiovascular disease (including 2,567 cases of coronary heart disease and 789 cases of stroke) and 5,682 deaths (including 1,663 deaths from cardiovascular disease and 1,297 deaths from cancer). "Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death and one of the leading causes of heart attack, stroke and disability in people with type 2 diabetes," Prakash said. Deedwania, professor at the Faculty of Medicine at the University of California-San Francisco in the United States.
"Efforts to understand the link between the two conditions are important for preventing cardiovascular complications of type 2 diabetes and helping people make informed health choices," said Deedwania. The latest findings provide evidence that support the recommendation to include nuts in healthy eating habits for the prevention of complications of cardiovascular disease and premature death in diabetics, the researchers said.
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death and one of the leading causes of heart attack, stroke (stroke) and disability in people with type 2 diabetes. (Shutterstock )
"In addition, even when people had the habit of eating nuts before the diagnosis of diabetes, adding nuts to the diet proved beneficial, probably at any age and at any stage of life. ", said Gang Liu, a researcher at Harvard TH Chan School. "It never seems too late to improve diet and lifestyle after diagnosis in people with type 2 diabetes," said Liu.
The researchers found that the consumption of all kinds of nuts had health benefits for the heart, with nuts being the strongest association. The results also showed that even a small amount of nuts had an effect. Compared to type 2 diabetics consuming less than a 28-gram serving a month, consumption of five servings of nuts per week presented a total risk of cardiovascular disease incidence of 17%. They also had a 20% lower risk of coronary heart disease, 34% fewer deaths from cardiovascular disease and 31% less all-cause mortality. Compared to people who had not changed dietary patterns after being diagnosed with diabetes, those who increased their nut intake after the diagnosis of diabetes had a 11% reduced risk of cardiovascular disease.
They also had a 15% lower risk of coronary heart disease, 25% of cardiovascular deaths and 27% of premature deaths from all causes. Each additional portion of nuts per week was associated with a 3% reduced risk of cardiovascular disease and a 6% risk of death from cardiovascular disease. Walnuts such as nuts, almonds, Brazil nuts, cashews, pistachios, pecans, macadamias, hazelnuts and pine nuts were strongly associated with a reduction in cardiovascular risk compared to peanuts.
Although the exact biological mechanisms of nuts on heart health are unclear, the researchers noted that walnuts appeared to improve blood glucose control, blood pressure, fat metabolism, inflammation and blood function. walls of blood vessels. The researchers explain that nuts can offer more benefits because they contain higher amounts of these nutrients than peanuts.
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February 20, 2019 16:33 IST