Dogs cooperate well with humans because of the "inner wolf," suggests new research.
The study, published in Scientific Reports last week, claimed that dogs work well with humans because of specific behavioral characteristics that they share with wolves.
Under the direction of the Friederike channel of the Konrad Lorenz Institute of the Vienna University of Veterinary Medicine, researchers investigated how dogs and gray wolves cooperate with humans to solve specific problems.
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They tested 15 young gray wolves aged 2 to 8 and 12 mixed breed dogs aged 2 to 7 at the Wolf Science Center in Austria.
Both types of animals had been socialized with people from the beginning and had developed close ties with humans. They were all kept in similar conditions.
The researchers compared how the two animals worked with humans to complete a rope pull task and found that dogs and wolves were able to collaborate.
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However, wolves started more while dogs followed only human actions.
"The detailed analysis of cooperative interactions revealed interesting differences between the wolf and the dog.It shows that, if wolves tend to behave and take the lead, dogs are more likely to" wolf. wait to see what the human partner is doing and follow that behavior, "Range says.
Previous hypotheses suggested that dogs developed collaborative qualities when domesticated, but this new study suggests that they were naturally cooperative.
Range and his colleagues suggested that when dogs were domesticated, the most docile dogs were chosen for breeding. That is why they are so respectful today.