Humans have been seeing flashes of light from the moon for thousands of years, but we still do not understand why this is happening or what is causing it.
This strange event is known as the transient lunar phenomenon (TLP) and a German astronomer thinks he's about to solve this lunar mystery.
Hakan Kayal from the University of Würzburg in Bavaria is working on a project that could reveal the causes of the rapid changes of light and darkness on the moon.
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It uses a brand new type of telescope system based in Spain and it is already progressing even though it's only been used since April.
Kayal describes TLP lightning as lightning flashes that last a few seconds, but Popular Science notes that some "lightning" lights illuminate the Moon's surface for hours.
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Some other experts describe light spikes as bright and red or pink.
TLP is often seen several times a week and can sometimes leave dark spots on the moon.
The most common explanations include meteorite impacts and the gas emitted by moonlight tremors that reflect light abnormally.
The first confirmed observation of TLP was made by a Russian astronomer in 1958 and the European Space Agency has since made a special telescope, called NELIOTA, which revealed that flashes occur far more often than what people have first thought.
That is why it is so difficult to explain the blinking of the moon because it happens so often and that there could be several reasons for it.
Kayal's new telescope system, which is still under development, has a relatively low budget and includes two telescopes that constantly watch the moon with cameras and transmit what they see to computers equipped with artificially intelligent software.
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This artificial intelligence software is responsible for distinguishing lunar lightning from other luminous phenomena, such as meteorites, to reduce the possible causes of TLP.
Astronomers believe that it is important to understand the causes of the phenomenon before humans reach the moon again, as some of TLP's explanations could be dangerous.
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